Self-motivation is the best medicine for positive output.

Dear Friends,

Very Good Morning…….

Self-motivation is the best medicine for positive output.

I believe that the brain is full of wonderful ideas and you don’t know what time your idea will click. So, motivate yourself always for positive things and keep thinking for the better prospects. Except you, no one can motivate yourself to move ahead.

You will find here 11 very effective lines to help yourself in motivating for capitalizing your enormous potential.

1. Always be ready to leave your comfort zone.
2. Don’t have fear of making mistakes.
3. Don’t have self-limiting thinking.
4. Always find the reason to be happy wherever you are.
5. At least spend one hour for self-development, find out weaknesses.
6. Always try to be good finisher as you started your work.
7. Always live your life in present, not in future and past.
8. Commit yourself to happiness which will heal all your wounds.
9. Never give-up whenever you experience frustration.
10. Always think big, dare to dream big dreams.
11. Never expect appreciation from your colleagues and boss. Appreciate yourself for good things.

We always should be ready for what Charles Dubois said, “We must be prepared, at any moment, to sacrifice who we are for who we are capable of becoming.”

Be Happy Always!!!
Happy Wednesday….

DP Tripathi

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Conflict Management

Any library professional working anywhere in any library, always has to play the dual role – first one is to understand the behaviour of their library patrons and the second one is to understand their superiors and subordinates. In this regard, many professionals have given their opinion and one of them is Mann and Katz who says, there are three skills of managerial and they are:

  • Technical Skills
  • Human Relation Skills, and
  • Conceptual Skills

And, out of these three, most importnat is ‘Human Relation Skill’ which is responsible to establish effective relationship with chiefs, superiors, sub-ordinates and library patrons. A library professional, especially Librarian, has to to be sensitive to the attitutdes, feelings and requirement of staff members otherwise, he/she will not be able to estimate the reaction of library staff of saying and doing. The important human relations are not only those related to achieving the objectives of organizations but those related to maintaining the organization’s internal system.

There are many factors that kill the interpersonal relationships and CONFLICT is a very influential and one of them. After your best practices and efforts sometimes conflict occurs between individuals and groups as well. Lack of understanding between interacting individuals is the root of interpersonal conflict.

However, libraries are considered totaly the institution of library patrons and here in any situation, conflict can not be avoided. It is our (Librarian) responsibility to identify the main areas of conflicts. This may vary from one library to another library depending upon the nature of the library, goal and objectives of the library and type of the library users who are being served. Some of the genral areas where conflict may occur easily and they are:


  • Authorities demanding more and more services to satisfy users’ need with limited resources


  • When any change is introduced, (either in infrastructure or library services) it affects the timing of the sub-ordinates and also the acceptance by the working staff (in most cases – introduction of computer)


  • Most important – when we (Librarian) avoid or fail to recognize the special efforts taken by any staff to improve the library system and services


  • When library users demanding more services but resources are very limited or limited allocation


  • When we (Librarian) don’t try to identify or recognize the conflicting condition, it develops hostile relationship among staff and authority. Sometime, deliberate conflicting condition is developed by some of the sub-ordinate, that has to be identified seriously.

The best method to resolve these conflict is to identify the conflict first and work on it seriously before hostile relationship takes place. Some of the very known procedure may help to adopt and go ahead with any one of them.

1. Suggestion Box: This is the best method to know and solve the conflict. Many times, staff or anyone does not find courage to bring the real condition before the authorities and conflict goes unnoticed. It will also help to submit the problem without getting noticed.

2. Observation: The authority has to be sharp enough to observe the behaviour or change in communication style, nature and behaviour of any staff towards his/her head and also in working environment.

Conflict Management is the technique which can help the authority to develop congenial environment and also restrain the staff from fighting and argument. The authority with the conflict management technique can resolve the conflict in constructive manner and easily establish healthy relation between individuals.

Some of the mentioned ways may help to resolve the conflict:

  • Participative Decision Making
  • Approaching personally
  • Better understanding and cooperation
  • Building trust and faith for each other
  • Motivation and Encouragement
  • Sacrifice for the benefit of individuals
  • Changes in the system and structure of need sometimes may reduce the conflict.

The above lines are based on readings different resources and personal experience. There may be more options to resolve conflict through different methods.

Request to share your input also in order to resolve the conflict.


DP Tripathi

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Installation of MarcEdit on Ubuntu/Lubuntu-14.04

Dear Friends,
Good Morning!!
MarcEdit, a free tool developed by Terry Reese in 1999, is used for different purposes and highly used by computer experts and especially, it is very useful in Data Migration and Conversion. It can be installed on cross platforms such as Windows, Linux etc.
Marc Edit is software used mainly for cleansing the data for migration purpose. The software makes the work easy as it enables the technical experts to add/delete the information in data exported from the source structure. It also helps in making the data as per the target structure.
This software is available free of cost and available to download and install for windows, linux etc.
I tried to install on Lubuntu-14.04 LTS and here are the steps to install MarcEdit:
Hope this will be useful for all,
DP Tripathi
NIT Rourkela
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Zig-zag format……….so called ‘QR Code’

Zig-zag format……….so called ‘QR Code’

My curiosity to know about a seen format, I assumed it zig-zag format, kept me in curious position as ‘what is this’? It was the year 2014 when it was quenched by a single word ‘QR Code’. I became more familiar as I found it suitable to be used for different purposes.

Here, in next few seconds, we are going to discuss more about QR Code and its uses in libraries for better services.
Curious to know?
You are supposed and must be.

QR Code……an abbreviation of ‘Quick Response Code’ was first introduced in 1994 by Toyota subsidiary Denso-Wave in Japan in automotive industry. Based on my study through different resources, I understood ‘QR Code’ as an advanced version of barcode machine-readable optical label which contains the information about any item and uses four encoding modes (numeric, alphanumeric, byte/binary and kanji) to efficiently store data. QR Code consists of black squares which are arranged in square and can be read by any image processing device or scanner.

To read the full article, please visit the link here


DP Tripathi

NIT Rourkela

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Data Entry in MARC Format as per AACR-2 Rule

Dear All,

For any library professional who deals with document cataloguing, it is always challenge to do proper cataloguing in order to enable appropriate and proper searching based on available data entered or maintained. Sometimes, professional finds difficult when he/she comes across different kind of books such as single author, two authors, three authors, more than three authors, editor, corporate author, meeting name and so on.
As a result, if professional is not through with rules, may commit mistake in cataloguing as well as in data entry.

Keeping that in view, I prepared on document for proper data entry in MARC format based on AACR-2 Rule. This documents covers almost all possible cases we generally come across in our library. It also describes the minimum MARC fields required for any document to do the data entry.

This PDF document can be downloaded at

I have also developed an Android Application which can be installed on any Android Supported Smartphone.

This app can be downloaded at

It includes the full details about MARC (Source:

Hope this will be useful for the professionals and profession.

Your suggestion and feedback for further improvement is most welcome.

DP Tripathi
NIT Rourkela

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Koha, DSpace and Gate Entry Record – Download ISO Image

Download Koha_DSpace_Gate-Entry ISO Image

Dear All,
Greetings from DP Tripathi!!!

Extremely happy to share the ISO image which includes (Koha, DSpace and Gate Entry Record) along with auto backup and single click backup. You can download the iso image from the following link.

Platform: Lubuntu-14.04 LTS

User Name : library
Password : kitkit

Koha Includes the following:
a. Latest version of Koha i.e. 16.05
b. Auto backup at Desktop in folder backup every day at 5:30pm
c. Download backup on single click from Koha Staff Interface
d. Print Barcode on 13×5 A4 Sheet which contains 65 labels
e. Configured Koha for use in any academic library
After installation, Koha Interface and Koha OPAC can be accessed at
i. Koha Staff Interface – http://localhost:8000
ii. Koha OPAC – http://localhost

User Name: library
Password: library

Koha Customized OPAC:
a. Header
b. Left Menu Navigation
c. Right Scrolling Text
d. Content Area enriched with Tabs which may contain more information
e. Top Menu which can accommodate more external links

DSpace includes the following:

a. Latest Stable version of DSpace i.e. 5.5
b. Added customized Logo which can be re-customized and added
c. Embargo Enabled means anyone can restrict the access of document date wise
d. Auto count the strength of latest submission and total documents available in repository
After installation, DSpace can be accessed at
DSpace – http://localhost:9090/jspui
User Name : dspace@localhost
Password : dspace

Gate Entry Record with Barcode Reader:

After installation, library visiting users’ record can be maintained using barcode reader. To access the page, enter the following in browser
Library staff can easily maintain the record of users who is visiting the library. This can be done at security counter or entrance of the library using any barcode reader.
The list can also be generated using the link given on the screen.
This will ask you user ID and Password which is as mentioned below
User ID : root
Password : kitkit

You can also export the list of users visited in the library.

Some of the Important Information:
MySQL User ID : root
MySQL Password : kitkit
Koha MySQL database : koha_library
Gate Entry Database : gateentry
Auto Backup Folder : /home/library/Desktop/backup
PhpMyAdmin : http://localhost/phpmyadmin

How to use ISO Image?
You need to download first the ISO image and burn it into DVD or make the PEN Drive bootable.
Once, the DVD or USB Device is ready anyone can boot the system from DVD/Pen Drive and Install in the system.

Hope this ISO image will be useful for learning Koha, DSpace and also maintaining the day to day record of users in library with ease.

With regards,
DP Tripathi

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Installation Videos : Koha, DSpace and Joomla

Dear Friends,

Keeping the complexity of Installation in view of three major open source software being used everywhere, I have prepared videos for installation of Koha, DSpace on Lubuntu/Ubuntu-14.04 and Joomla on Windows operating system.
By seeing these videos anyone can Install the software easily and further can proceed with working of these software.
You can watch and download these videos at :

Koha – 16.05 on Lubuntu-14.04 LTS or Ubuntu-14.04 LTS

DSpace – 5.5 on Lubuntu-14.04 LTS or Ubuntu-14.04 LTS

Joomla on Windows Operating System:

These videos, anyone can download by right click on the videos and save to your drive.

Ensure you are in root login before you start installation of DSpace and Koha.

For any clarification, feel free to write me at

DP Tripathi




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University of Cambridge Free IELTS Preparation Course

The University of Cambridge is offering a free online course to prepare for IELTS (International English Language Testing System). IELTS is English language proficiency test for non-native English language speakers required by the universities in UK, Australia and New Zealand for admission purposes.

The new five-week course, Inside IELTS: Preparing for the Test with the Experts, is for anyone who wants to study abroad and have English language qualification. This free online course is created by Cambridge English Language Assessment (part of the University of Cambridge), who produce the IELTS test. The course will start on September 12, 2016.

Course At A Glance

Length:  5 weeks
Effort: 3 hours pw
Subject: IELTS
Institution: University of Cambridge and FutureLearn
Languages: English
Price: Free
Certificate Available: Yes
Session: Starts on September 12, 2016

Providers’ Details

Cambridge English Language Assessment is a part of Cambridge Assessment, a not-for-profit department of the University of Cambridge. Their role is to develop and deliver English language testing, teacher development, and curriculum reform worldwide, as part of the University’s educational mission. They have around 650 staff working in offices in more than 20 countries worldwide and a global network of 2,800 authorized centres who deliver our exams.

FutureLearn is a social learning platform based in the UK and providing free, online courses from the world’s leading educators. They have over 3 million registered learners studying over 6.5 million courses.

About This Course

  • What skills are important for success in the IELTS Academic test?
  • How do IELTS examiners assess your level?
  • What do you need to do in order to improve your IELTS band score?

This five-week course will help you find answers to questions like these.

Why Take This Course?

Applicants will learn about the skills they need for IELTS Academic and beyond, on this free online course from the experts who produce the test.

Learning Outcomes

Applicants will get a clearer idea of what and how to study, both to prepare for the test and to develop your academic English skills. By the end of the course, they will:

  • Understand how IELTS Writing and Speaking are assessed and have an opportunity to share your own writing and speaking with experts and other learners;
  • Know more about the different Listening, Reading, Writing and Speaking tasks in the test and how to do your best in these;
  • Understand your own strengths and needs, so that you can get a better IELTS band score and improve your English;
  • See how English is used at university, and how this is related to the IELTS test;
  • And be able to prepare for the IELTS test in a way that will benefit them beyond the exam.


Gad Lim

Dr. Gad Lim is Principal Research Manager at Cambridge English Language Assessment. He conducts research on second language learning, teaching, and testing.


  • This course is for anyone who wants to improve their IELTS score. It is especially useful for people who want to take IELTS Academic and go to university.
  • University has tried to use simple English in the course as much as possible, but we recommend your English is at least level B1 (around IELTS band 4.5 or higher) to take the course.
  • The course is aimed at people preparing for IELTS Academic. If you are preparing for IELTS General Training, you will find that some of this course is useful for you, but not all. Of course, you are welcome to join. Speaking and Listening are the same in Academic and General Training, but Reading and Writing are different.

How To Join This Course

  • Go to the course website link
  • Sign Up At FutureLearn
  • Select a course and Join
  • Once a course has started, applicant will be able to access the course material
  • After the start date, students will be able to access the course by following the Go To Course link on My Courses page.
  • Applicants can buy, to show that they have completed a FutureLearn course.
  • On some FutureLearn courses, learners will be able to pay to take an exam to qualify for a Statement of Attainment. (These are university-branded, printed certificates that provide proof of learning on the course topic(s)).
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An experience with experienced people

Sometimes in life you get an opportunity to experience something new for which you never thought of and it gives you more happiness beyond your expectation. During my fellowship at London, one of the most unforgettable moment took place when had an opportunity to meet with very experienced, aged, honest and humble people.

It was May 28, 2016, when reached Snaresbrook Station and walked down towards ‘The Eagle at Toby Carvery’ hotel and also had lunch with them. The surrounding was filled with honesty and zeal for living the life, tons of joy, healthy jokes and commitment for each other.  Half of the hunger was quenched with happiness and remaining was taken care by delicious food. Three hours passed soon but inner-self wanted some more and more time to be with them and know about their life’s experience but very happy to express that those moments threw light on most expected future happenings.


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