Prepare for Interview

Dear Friends,

This post is especially for those who find difficult to face and prepare for interview. I prepared this document based on my personal experience and also from different sources available on Internet.

Generally, it happens with all of us that when we go to attend any interview, our brain remains in puzzle what to prepare and how to prepare for an interview. I have tried to compile some of the important aspects which can assist in attending the interview easily.

Hope you will all find it useful for your purpose.

Please don’t stick to these questions only. You may prepare based on other aspects also.

You can download the document at

With regards,

DP Tripathi

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Customize Your Boot Loader

Customize Your Boot Loader

In dual booting, when we finish the installation, we find that the default option in boot loader to start the system is Ubuntu and Windows appears as last option in sequence. And to start the Windows, we need to choose the Windows by down arrow key on Keyboard and if we don’t choose, Ubuntu will automatically start.
If you wish to change the boot loader sequence which can start your desired option first in sequence, then GRUB Customizer is the best option. Only, you need to install GRUB Customizer first then run it to change the option.

With Grub Customizer, you can easily:

• add, remove, edit, rearrange Grub menu entries.
• Change default entry, visibility, timeout, kernel parameters.
• Change the resolution, background image, edit the font and color, etc.
• Reinstall Grub into MBR, so to load Ubuntu from Windows boot-loader
Install Grub Customizer via PPA:

To install it, from the steps below:

1. Open terminal (Ctrl+Alt+T) and login with root privilege

sudo su (press enter)
(Enter the password. Password will not be visible while typing so be careful.)

2. Now run the following command to add the PPA:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:danielrichter2007/grub-customizer

3. Update the Package with this command

sudo apt-get update

4. Now, Install the Grub Customizer

sudo apt-get install grub-customizer

When the Installation is over, find the Grub Customizer and change the sequence.

Save it and enjoy!!!


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Homage to Dr. S. R. Ranganathan – An Online Manual of Open Source Tools

Dear Friends!!!

With due respect, I render homage to the unforgettable legend Padmashri Dr. S. R. Ranganathan who paved the way for Library Professionals by his enormous contribution to Library Profession.

I wish you all a very happy ‘National Librarian’s Day’ and on this occasion I take this opportunity to introduce ‘An online manual of open source tools’ which can be accessed at

This e-manual has been prepared based on personal experience, self-practice and browsing different resources which includes the following.

Koha – Open Source Integrated Library Management System (ILMS)
– Open Source Digital Repository Software
– Open Source Content Management System for web designing
Data Migration
– How to migrate from one system to another system

By reading the content available on this, anyone will be able to understand the basic procedure about how to work in any good library. The content is purely related to working procedure of any academic library. The procedure of every module of every software and also about software handling is given in detail.

Each menu further contains sub-menu inside the page which further contains information.

This e-manual will enable you to learn the basic functions about library management, establish digital repository and also design & development of web applications. The unique part of this e-manual is Data Migration.

Hope the content will be beneficial for your purpose.

Some of the portions are left to be filled by content which will be taken care soon.

I welcome your honest feedback and suggestions for further improvements.

Thanks! !

DP Tripathi

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Self-motivation is the best medicine for positive output.

Dear Friends,

Very Good Morning…….

Self-motivation is the best medicine for positive output.

I believe that the brain is full of wonderful ideas and you don’t know what time your idea will click. So, motivate yourself always for positive things and keep thinking for the better prospects. Except you, no one can motivate yourself to move ahead.

You will find here 11 very effective lines to help yourself in motivating for capitalizing your enormous potential.

1. Always be ready to leave your comfort zone.
2. Don’t have fear of making mistakes.
3. Don’t have self-limiting thinking.
4. Always find the reason to be happy wherever you are.
5. At least spend one hour for self-development, find out weaknesses.
6. Always try to be good finisher as you started your work.
7. Always live your life in present, not in future and past.
8. Commit yourself to happiness which will heal all your wounds.
9. Never give-up whenever you experience frustration.
10. Always think big, dare to dream big dreams.
11. Never expect appreciation from your colleagues and boss. Appreciate yourself for good things.

We always should be ready for what Charles Dubois said, “We must be prepared, at any moment, to sacrifice who we are for who we are capable of becoming.”

Be Happy Always!!!
Happy Wednesday….

DP Tripathi

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Conflict Management

Any library professional working anywhere in any library, always has to play the dual role – first one is to understand the behaviour of their library patrons and the second one is to understand their superiors and subordinates. In this regard, many professionals have given their opinion and one of them is Mann and Katz who says, there are three skills of managerial and they are:

  • Technical Skills
  • Human Relation Skills, and
  • Conceptual Skills

And, out of these three, most importnat is ‘Human Relation Skill’ which is responsible to establish effective relationship with chiefs, superiors, sub-ordinates and library patrons. A library professional, especially Librarian, has to to be sensitive to the attitutdes, feelings and requirement of staff members otherwise, he/she will not be able to estimate the reaction of library staff of saying and doing. The important human relations are not only those related to achieving the objectives of organizations but those related to maintaining the organization’s internal system.

There are many factors that kill the interpersonal relationships and CONFLICT is a very influential and one of them. After your best practices and efforts sometimes conflict occurs between individuals and groups as well. Lack of understanding between interacting individuals is the root of interpersonal conflict.

However, libraries are considered totaly the institution of library patrons and here in any situation, conflict can not be avoided. It is our (Librarian) responsibility to identify the main areas of conflicts. This may vary from one library to another library depending upon the nature of the library, goal and objectives of the library and type of the library users who are being served. Some of the genral areas where conflict may occur easily and they are:


  • Authorities demanding more and more services to satisfy users’ need with limited resources


  • When any change is introduced, (either in infrastructure or library services) it affects the timing of the sub-ordinates and also the acceptance by the working staff (in most cases – introduction of computer)


  • Most important – when we (Librarian) avoid or fail to recognize the special efforts taken by any staff to improve the library system and services


  • When library users demanding more services but resources are very limited or limited allocation


  • When we (Librarian) don’t try to identify or recognize the conflicting condition, it develops hostile relationship among staff and authority. Sometime, deliberate conflicting condition is developed by some of the sub-ordinate, that has to be identified seriously.

The best method to resolve these conflict is to identify the conflict first and work on it seriously before hostile relationship takes place. Some of the very known procedure may help to adopt and go ahead with any one of them.

1. Suggestion Box: This is the best method to know and solve the conflict. Many times, staff or anyone does not find courage to bring the real condition before the authorities and conflict goes unnoticed. It will also help to submit the problem without getting noticed.

2. Observation: The authority has to be sharp enough to observe the behaviour or change in communication style, nature and behaviour of any staff towards his/her head and also in working environment.

Conflict Management is the technique which can help the authority to develop congenial environment and also restrain the staff from fighting and argument. The authority with the conflict management technique can resolve the conflict in constructive manner and easily establish healthy relation between individuals.

Some of the mentioned ways may help to resolve the conflict:

  • Participative Decision Making
  • Approaching personally
  • Better understanding and cooperation
  • Building trust and faith for each other
  • Motivation and Encouragement
  • Sacrifice for the benefit of individuals
  • Changes in the system and structure of need sometimes may reduce the conflict.

The above lines are based on readings different resources and personal experience. There may be more options to resolve conflict through different methods.

Request to share your input also in order to resolve the conflict.


DP Tripathi

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Installation of MarcEdit on Ubuntu/Lubuntu-14.04

Dear Friends,
Good Morning!!
MarcEdit, a free tool developed by Terry Reese in 1999, is used for different purposes and highly used by computer experts and especially, it is very useful in Data Migration and Conversion. It can be installed on cross platforms such as Windows, Linux etc.
Marc Edit is software used mainly for cleansing the data for migration purpose. The software makes the work easy as it enables the technical experts to add/delete the information in data exported from the source structure. It also helps in making the data as per the target structure.
This software is available free of cost and available to download and install for windows, linux etc.
I tried to install on Lubuntu-14.04 LTS and here are the steps to install MarcEdit:
Hope this will be useful for all,
DP Tripathi
NIT Rourkela
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Zig-zag format……….so called ‘QR Code’

Zig-zag format……….so called ‘QR Code’

My curiosity to know about a seen format, I assumed it zig-zag format, kept me in curious position as ‘what is this’? It was the year 2014 when it was quenched by a single word ‘QR Code’. I became more familiar as I found it suitable to be used for different purposes.

Here, in next few seconds, we are going to discuss more about QR Code and its uses in libraries for better services.
Curious to know?
You are supposed and must be.

QR Code……an abbreviation of ‘Quick Response Code’ was first introduced in 1994 by Toyota subsidiary Denso-Wave in Japan in automotive industry. Based on my study through different resources, I understood ‘QR Code’ as an advanced version of barcode machine-readable optical label which contains the information about any item and uses four encoding modes (numeric, alphanumeric, byte/binary and kanji) to efficiently store data. QR Code consists of black squares which are arranged in square and can be read by any image processing device or scanner.

To read the full article, please visit the link here


DP Tripathi

NIT Rourkela

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Data Entry in MARC Format as per AACR-2 Rule

Dear All,

For any library professional who deals with document cataloguing, it is always challenge to do proper cataloguing in order to enable appropriate and proper searching based on available data entered or maintained. Sometimes, professional finds difficult when he/she comes across different kind of books such as single author, two authors, three authors, more than three authors, editor, corporate author, meeting name and so on.
As a result, if professional is not through with rules, may commit mistake in cataloguing as well as in data entry.

Keeping that in view, I prepared on document for proper data entry in MARC format based on AACR-2 Rule. This documents covers almost all possible cases we generally come across in our library. It also describes the minimum MARC fields required for any document to do the data entry.

This PDF document can be downloaded at

I have also developed an Android Application which can be installed on any Android Supported Smartphone.

This app can be downloaded at

It includes the full details about MARC (Source:

Hope this will be useful for the professionals and profession.

Your suggestion and feedback for further improvement is most welcome.

DP Tripathi
NIT Rourkela

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Koha, DSpace and Gate Entry Record – Download ISO Image

Download Koha_DSpace_Gate-Entry ISO Image

Dear All,
Greetings from DP Tripathi!!!

Extremely happy to share the ISO image which includes (Koha, DSpace and Gate Entry Record) along with auto backup and single click backup. You can download the iso image from the following link.

Platform: Lubuntu-14.04 LTS

User Name : library
Password : kitkit

Koha Includes the following:
a. Latest version of Koha i.e. 16.05
b. Auto backup at Desktop in folder backup every day at 5:30pm
c. Download backup on single click from Koha Staff Interface
d. Print Barcode on 13×5 A4 Sheet which contains 65 labels
e. Configured Koha for use in any academic library
After installation, Koha Interface and Koha OPAC can be accessed at
i. Koha Staff Interface – http://localhost:8000
ii. Koha OPAC – http://localhost

User Name: library
Password: library

Koha Customized OPAC:
a. Header
b. Left Menu Navigation
c. Right Scrolling Text
d. Content Area enriched with Tabs which may contain more information
e. Top Menu which can accommodate more external links

DSpace includes the following:

a. Latest Stable version of DSpace i.e. 5.5
b. Added customized Logo which can be re-customized and added
c. Embargo Enabled means anyone can restrict the access of document date wise
d. Auto count the strength of latest submission and total documents available in repository
After installation, DSpace can be accessed at
DSpace – http://localhost:9090/jspui
User Name : dspace@localhost
Password : dspace

Gate Entry Record with Barcode Reader:

After installation, library visiting users’ record can be maintained using barcode reader. To access the page, enter the following in browser
Library staff can easily maintain the record of users who is visiting the library. This can be done at security counter or entrance of the library using any barcode reader.
The list can also be generated using the link given on the screen.
This will ask you user ID and Password which is as mentioned below
User ID : root
Password : kitkit

You can also export the list of users visited in the library.

Some of the Important Information:
MySQL User ID : root
MySQL Password : kitkit
Koha MySQL database : koha_library
Gate Entry Database : gateentry
Auto Backup Folder : /home/library/Desktop/backup
PhpMyAdmin : http://localhost/phpmyadmin

How to use ISO Image?
You need to download first the ISO image and burn it into DVD or make the PEN Drive bootable.
Once, the DVD or USB Device is ready anyone can boot the system from DVD/Pen Drive and Install in the system.

Hope this ISO image will be useful for learning Koha, DSpace and also maintaining the day to day record of users in library with ease.

With regards,
DP Tripathi

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Installation Videos : Koha, DSpace and Joomla

Dear Friends,

Keeping the complexity of Installation in view of three major open source software being used everywhere, I have prepared videos for installation of Koha, DSpace on Lubuntu/Ubuntu-14.04 and Joomla on Windows operating system.
By seeing these videos anyone can Install the software easily and further can proceed with working of these software.
You can watch and download these videos at :

Koha – 16.05 on Lubuntu-14.04 LTS or Ubuntu-14.04 LTS

DSpace – 5.5 on Lubuntu-14.04 LTS or Ubuntu-14.04 LTS

Joomla on Windows Operating System:

These videos, anyone can download by right click on the videos and save to your drive.

Ensure you are in root login before you start installation of DSpace and Koha.

For any clarification, feel free to write me at

DP Tripathi




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